1861-1938: Early Building Blocks Toward Yucca Mountain -- 1939-1952: Nuclear Proliferation Begins in the United States -- 1953-1969: Shifting Nuclear Priorities -- 1970-1981: Precursors to the Nuclear Waste Policy Act -- 1982-1987: The U.S. Settles on Yucca Mountain -- 1988-1999: The Yucca Mountain Project Pushes Forward -- 2000-2016: The Yucca Mountain Project Grinds to a Halt -- 2017-present: New Life for Yucca Mountain?
2000: President Clinton vetoes a bill that would allow storage at Yucca Mountain.
2001: In February, Bechtel SAIC Corp. is hired as the chief management contractor for Yucca Mountain. Later in the year, the EPA presents its Yucca Mountain high-level waste standard (40 CFR 197). The group Public Citizen along with the State of Nevada file several lawsuits against the EPA, the DOE, and the NRC in an effort to discontinue the Yucca Mountain project.
2002: The Final Environmental Impact Statement for the Yucca Mountain site is published. Secretary of Energy Spencer Abraham recommends the Yucca Mountain site to President Bush as suitable for further development. President Bush recommends the site to Congress, who then votes to overrule Nevada’s objections and approve the site.
Yucca Mountain Project waste package and drip shield design.
2003: In May, COGEMA, Inc. is awarded a contract to design material-handling systems for the Yucca Mountain Project. In November, the Nuclear Waste Technical Review Board releases a report detailing corrosion concerns related to high temperature and humidity in the proposed repository. They recommend further research and tests to determine the risks related to their concerns.
2004: The U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit rejects all challenges to the Yucca Mountain site recommendation. The court also upholds contention that the EPA did not follow the advice of the National Academy of Science concerning the time period for assessing compliance with safety standards, as required by the Energy Policy Act of 1992. As a result, the EPA must reevaluate its compliance rules, and the NRC also has to reissue its licensing rules.
2005: The DOE discovers emails that indicate the U.S. Geological Survey may have falsified quality assurance work on Yucca Mountain. Later that year, the Western Shoshone file a federal lawsuit against the Yucca Mountain Project. They cite the 1863 Treaty of Ruby Valley in an attempt to prove the Shoshone never actually intended for their lands to be given to the U.S. Government.
2006: In January, Sandia National Laboratories is awarded the lead position in the scientific work for Yucca Mountain. A month later, the Bush administration announces the Global Nuclear Energy Partnership, designed to encourage nuclear energy production and address waste concerns, while simultaneously mitigating risks associated with weapons proliferation and other sensitive nuclear technology.
2007: In April, the Walker River Paiute Tribe withdraws access to its land for Yucca Mountain nuclear waste shipments. Also in 2007, Congress cuts President Bush’s Yucca Mountain budget to $390 million dollars, several million dollars less than the amount originally requested for the project.
2008: DOE submits Yucca Mountain license application to the Nuclear Regulatory Commission. Later in 2008, Bechtel SAIC Corp. loses their contract to work on the Yucca Mountain project; USA Repository Services takes over the work.
2009: Energy Secretary Steven Chu announces in a Senate hearing that Yucca Mountain is effectively off the table as an option for nuclear waste storage.
2010: In January, The Blue Ribbon Commission on America’s Nuclear Future is formed by the Obama administration to review processes and recommend new strategies for nuclear waste management. Later in the year, funding is eliminated for the Yucca Mountain Project in President Obama’s budget for 2011, and the DOE notifies the Nuclear Regulatory Commission of its intention to withdraw Yucca Mountain’s license application.
2012: The Blue Ribbon Commission submits its final report, recommending that Congress create a new organization to manage the disposal of spent nuclear fuel, and suggests a consent-based approach to siting nuclear waste facilities.
2013: The DOE issues Strategy for the Management and Disposal of Used Nuclear Fuel and High-Level Radioactive Waste, which is a response to the Blue Ribbon Commission’s recommendations. The report suggests storage at an interim facility by 2021. In May, the fee imposed on nuclear energy customers that supported the nuclear waste fund is terminated.
2014: The NRC releases a report that deems Yucca Mountain a suitable location for the storage of nuclear waste.
2016 – The DOE announces the implementation of a consent-based siting process for a nuclear waste repository, per the Blue Ribbon Commission’s 2012 recommendations.