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APA Citation Guide (7th Edition): Books and eBooks

Note: This guide reflects the latest version of the APA Publication Manual (i.e., APA 7).

Books and eBooks

It is not necessary to indicate that you have used an eBook when the content is the same as a physical book. However, you should distinguish between the eBook and the print version if the content is different or abridged.



An author won't necessarily be a person's name. it may be an organization or company, for example, Health Canada. These are called group or corporate authors.

If a book has no author or editor, begin the citation with the book title, followed by the year of publication enclosed in parentheses.


Capitalize the first letter of the first word of the title. If there is a colon (:) or question mark in the title, also capitalize the first letter of the first word after the colon or question mark.

Capitalize the first letter of proper names in titles, such as names of places or people. Example: Nevada.

Authored Book with a DOI


Author, A. A. (Copyright Year). Title of book. Publisher. DOI or URL


Sheingate, A. D. (2016). Building a business of politics: The rise of political consulting and the transformation of American democracy. Oxford University Press. 

Authored Book Without a DOI, from Most Academic Research Databases


Author, A. A. (Copyright Year). Title of book. Publisher.


Schildt, H. (2011). Java: The complete reference (8th ed.). O'Reilly Safari Books.

Edited Book


Editor, A. A. & Editor, B. B. (Eds.). (Copyright Year). Title of book. Publisher. DOI or URL [if available]


Goodin, R. E. & Hans-Dieter, K. (Eds.). (1996). A new handbook of political science. Oxford University Press.

Chapter in an Edited Book


Author, A. A. (Copyright Year). Title of book chapter. In A. A. Editor & B. B. Editor (Eds.), Title of book (pp. #-#). Publisher. 


Christians, C. G. (2011). Ethics and politics in qualitative research. In N. K. Denzin & Y. S. Lincoln (Eds.), The Sage handbook of qualitative research (pp. 61-80). Sage Publications.

Book with a Group or Corporate Author


Corporate Author. (Copyright Year). Title of book. DOI [if available]


American Psychological Association. (2020). Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (7th ed.).

Work in an Anthology


Author, A. A. & Author, B. B. (Copyright Year). Title of chapter, article, essay or short story. In Editor's A. A. Editor, B. B. Editor, C. C. Editor, & D. D. Editor (Eds.), Title of book (pp. #-#). Publisher.


‚ÄčStockert, P. A. & Taylor, C. (2014). Sleep. In P. A. Potter, A. G. Perry, J. C. Ross-Kerr, & M.J. Wood (Eds.), Canadian fundamentals of nursing (pp. 993-1016). Elsevier.

Note: When you have one editor, the short form (Ed.) is used after the editor's name. If you have more than one editor, use (Eds.) instead. If there is no editor given, you may leave out that part of the citation.



Author, A. A. (Copyright Year). Title of book. Publisher. URL

Author, A. A. (Copyright Year). Title of book. [eBook edition]. Publisher. URL


Gordon Betts, J., DeSaix, P., & Johnson, E. (2013). Anatomy and physiology. OpenStax.

Rowling, J. K. (1997). Harry Potter and the sorcerer's stone. [Kindle]. Pottermore Publishing.